Score = 24
Governed by: Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty on European Union [hereafter EU Treaty], and European Commission Regulations 1/2003 [hereafter "CR 1/2003"] and 139/2004 [hereafter “CR 139/2004], as well as national legislation.
|Scope||Extraterritoriality||1||EU law governs whenever conduct has effects on trade between Member States pursuant to Article 3 of Regulation 1/2003. Article 1(2) of the Portugese Competition Act prohibits anti-competitive conduct that occurs abroad having an effect in Portugal.|
|Remedies||Fines||1||Articles 43, 45, 46 of the Portugese Competition Act allow the Competition Authority to impose fines.|
|Divestitures||1||Article 7 of CR 1/2003 allows for structural remedies. Article 37 of the Portugese Competition Act allows for divestiture of improper mergers.|
|Private Enforcement||3rd Party Initiation||1||Article 24 and 25 of the Portugese Competition Act require the national Competition Authority to initiate investigations upon 3rd party requests.|
|Remedies Available to 3rd Parties||0|
|3rd Party Rights in Proceedings||0|
|Mandatory||3||Article 9 of the Portugese Competition Act requires merger notification.|
|Pre-merger||2||Article 9 of the Portugese Competition Act requires pre-merger notification.|
|Merger Assessment||Dominance||1||Article 12 of the Portugese Competition Act prohibits mergers that strengthen dominant positions.|
|Restriction of Competition||1||Article 12 of the Portugese Competition Act prohibits mergers that restrict competition.|
|Public Interest (Pro D)||1||Article 12(L) of the Portugese Competition Act allows otherwise impermissible mergers that contribute to international competitiveness.|
|Public Interest (Pro Authority)||0|
|Efficiency||1||Article 12 of the Portugese Competition Act permits pro-competitive justifications for otherwise impermissible mergers.|
|Dominance||Limits Access||1||Article 82(b) of the EU Treaty prohibits abuse of a dominant position.|
|Abusive Acts||1||Article 82 of the EU Treaty prohibits abuse of a dominant position.|
|Price Setting||1|| Article 82(a) of the EU Treaty prohibits price setting.
|Discriminatory Pricing||1||Articles 81(1)(d) and 82(c) of the EU Treaty, prohibit discrimatory conditions.|
|Resale Price Maintenance||1||Article 81 of the EU Treaty prohibits minimum resale price restrictions.|
|Obstacles to Entry||1||Article 82 of the EU Treaty prohibits anti-competitive pricing schemes.|
|Restrictive Trade Practices||Price Fixing||1||Articles 81(1)(a) of the EU Treaty prohibits price fixing.|
|Tying||1||Articles 81(1)(e) and 82(d) of the EU Treaty prohibit tying.|
|Market Division||1||Article 81 of the EU Treaty prohibits customer allocation clauses.|
|Output Restraint||1|| Article 81(1)(b) of the EU Treaty prohibits limiting production.
|Market Sharing||1||Article 81(1)(c) of the EU Treaty prohibits market sharing.|
|Eliminating Competitors||1||Article 81(1) of the EU Treaty prohibits agreements that have the purpose or effect of eliminating competition.|
|Collusive Tendering/Bid-Rigging||1||Article 81 of the EU Treaty prohibits bid-rigging.|
|Supply Refusal||1||Article 81(1)(b) of the EU Treaty prohibits supply refusal.|
|Efficiency Defense||1||Article 81(3) of the EU Treaty allows an efficiency defense.|
- EU statutes and regulations available online from the European Competition Network, at http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/ecn/documents.html
- EC Competition Law, at 97.
- Id, at 283.
- Id, at 97.